the U.S. Census Website
Changes in Housing Values Through 2005
The real median home value in San Diego jumped from $249,000
to $567,000 between 2000 and 2005, the largest increase in the
nation among big cities. Across the country, real median home
values soared 32 percent, according to new 2005 American Community
Survey data released today by the U.S. Census Bureau.
about anyone who owns a home or has been in the market for one
in the past few years knows first-hand how home values jumped
from 2000 to 2005, said Census Bureau Director Louis Kincannon.
This is an example of the kind of local data that policymakers
can use to assess housing needs and better plan for services
such as schools, roads and other community needs.
The American Community Survey (ACS) provides timely and updated
information about the nations changing and diverse population
every year. Without the ACS, this type of information
historically gathered just once a decade would not be
available for communities until 2012.
The 2005 ACS data released today include housing characteristic
information such as occupancy, units in structure, year built,
rooms, occupants per room, vehicles available, house heating
fuel, value, mortgage status, gross rent, selected monthly owner
costs and other characteristics. Additional subjects covered
in this release include means of transportation to work by workplace
geography, geographic mobility by selected characteristics,
characteristics of households and families, grandparents and
the foreign-born population. Also surveyed are disability characteristics,
work status in the past 12 months, occupancy and financial characteristics.
The data are available for nearly 7,000 areas, including all
congressional districts and counties, cities and American Indian/Alaska
Native areas of 65,000 population or more. This survey is a
first look at key housing information for many communities since
Census 2000 including 75 of the top 100 fastest growing
Data Highlights for Largest and Smallest U.S. Cities
Among the nations largest cities, some of the highest
percent increases in real median home values between 2000 and
2005 were found in San Diego (127.2 percent), Los Angeles (110.2)
and New York (79.1). In the smaller cities, with 65,000 population
or more, some of the highest percentage increases in real median
home values were found in Boynton Beach, Fla. (120.3 percent);
Folsom, Calif. (99.5)1; and Redondo Beach, Calif. (91.7). Among
the smallest cities covered in the 2005 ACS data release with
populations of 65,000 or more, Newport Beach and Santa Barbara,
Calif., were the only two cities with a median home value of
a million dollars or more.
More than two-thirds of the nations total occupied housing
units were owner-occupied in 2005, an increase of 4.5 million
over the Census 2000 number (69.8 million). Among the 15 largest
cities, Jacksonville, Fla., had one of the highest percentages
of owner-occupied housing units at 64.2 percent. San Jose, Calif.,
and Indianapolis also had high percentages of owner-occupied
housing units. Of the 15 smaller cities, Missouri City, Texas
(88.6 percent); Boynton Beach, Fla. (72.9); and Folsom, Calif.
(71.3), had some of the highest percentage of owner-occupied
Selected Monthly Ownership Costs
Real median selected monthly owner costs for owners with mortgages
have increased 5.0 percent nationally between 2000 and 2005.
Though not statistically different from each other, some of
the highest increases among the largest cities in real median
monthly owner costs were found in Detroit (24.1 percent), Chicago
(21.7) and San Francisco (19.6). Decreases of about 10 percent
in real median homeownership costs were found in some of the
smaller cities such as Bryan, Texas, and Greenville, N.C.
Additionally, the real median cost of renting a home increased
nationally by 6.7 percent from 2000 to 2005. Some of the highest
real median rent percentage increases among the large cities
were found in San Diego (27.2 percent), Detroit (22.5), and
Los Angeles (15.9). Among the smallest cities, Redondo Beach,
Calif. (21.7), also had increases in real median rent. Real
median rent actually decreased in some of the largest cities
including San Jose, Calif. (-9.4 percent), and Dallas (-3.0).
For more information on how your community compares with the
nation, a state or another city, county or congressional district,
visit American FactFinder at http://www.census.gov.
1Not significantly different from the estimates for Boynton
Beach and Redondo Beach.
2The estimates for Boynton Beach and Folsom are not statistically
different from each other.
As part of the Census Bureau's reengineered 2010 Census, the
data collected by the ACS helps federal officials determine
where to distribute more than $200 billion back to state and
local governments each year, and responses to the survey are
strictly confidential and protected by law.
The 2005 ACS estimates are based on an annual, nationwide household
sample of about 250,000 addresses per month, or 2.5 percent
of the population a year. Geographic areas for which data are
available are based on total populations of 65,000 or more.
The ACS estimates released are for the household population,
which may be smaller than its total population. As is the case
with all surveys, statistics from sample surveys are subject
to sampling and nonsampling error.